Parable of the Good Samaritan is an illustration that Y’shua made up, but it was based on true situations at a site of many robberies and personal attacks by robbers. This site is four and a half miles east of Jerusalem on the road to Jericho, where in Bible times it was very dangerous. The Romans built a fort there to protect travelers, while today there is a good sized city of 37,000, named Ma’ale Adumim. The Martyrius Monastery, founded in the seventh century, is there, as well as a museum.
Luke 10:25. Then behold some master of Torah (Teaching) stood up testing Him saying, “Teacher, what will I have to have done to inherit eternal life?” 26. And He said to him, “What has been written in the Torah (Teaching)? How do you read it?” 27. And he said, “‘You will love the Lord your God out of your whole heart and with your whole being and with your whole strength and with your whole mind, and ‘love your neighbor as yourself.’” (Deut. 6:5, Lev. 19:18) 28. And He said to him, “You answered correctly: you must do this and you will live eternally.” 29. But because he wanted to justify himself he said to Y’shua, “Who in fact is my neighbor?” 30. When He replied Y’shua said, “A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho and fell among robbers, and then they stripped him, and after inflicting wounds went away, leaving him half dead. 31. And by chance there was a priest who came down by that way and when he saw him he crossed over to the other side: 32. and likewise also a man who was a Levite, as he came by the place, and when he saw him he crossed over. 33. And a certain traveling Samaritan came by him and when he saw him he was moved with compassion, 34. and then he came over to him and bound up his wounds, pouring olive oil and wine, and after he put him on his own animal he led him to an inn and took care of him. 35. Then on the next day when he had to leave he gave two denarii to the innkeeper and said, ‘You must take care of him, and whatever in addition you would spend, I shall repay to you on my return.’ 36. Who of these three does it seem to you had become a neighbor of the one who fell among the robbers?” 37. And he said, “The one who had mercy on him.” And Y’shua said to him, “You must go and you must habitually do likewise.”
For the priest and the Levite to deliberately avoid contact with the injured man was sinful, then to have a heathen show love to his neighbor heaped insult upon them. Y’shua picked a great location for His parable.