Messianic Prophecy Pointing to Y’shua that is sometimes not recognized.
Micah 4:8. And you, Tower of the Flock, the stronghold of the daughter of Zion, it will come to you, even the first dominion. The kingdom will come to the daughter of Jerusalem. 9. Now why do you cry out loud? Is there no king for you? Has your counsellor perished? For pangs have taken you as a woman in travail. 10. Be in pain and labor to bring forth, O daughter of Zion, like a woman in travail, for now you will go forth out of the city and you will dwell in the field and you will go even to Babylon. There you will be delivered. There the LORD* will redeem you from the hand of your enemies. 11. Now also many nations have gathered against you, who say, Let her be defiled and let our eye look upon Zion. 12. But they do not know the thoughts of the LORD*, nor do they understand His counsel, for He will gather them on the floor like the sheaves.
Tower of the Flock, Migdal Eder in Hebrew, refers to the Tower in Bethlehem where the Lambs were cared for that were to become the Lambs offered in the Temple. Those keeping the flocks were Levites who had the responsibility to protect each Lamb from becoming defiled. Miriam went into labor and delivered Messiah in the cave-barn where many sacrificial lambs had stayed. The Migdal Eder is named in Genesis 35:21 and was a place that offered shelter to the Shepherds as well as being a watchtower to observe the sheep. In Genesis these were ordinary sheep since this was long before the Temple sacrifice required faultless sheep. For the first Passover either a Lamb or young Goat was demanded, with Exodus 29 describing the sanctification of the priests being the first time Lambs were required.
Micah 5.1. But you, Bethlehem Ephratah, though you are little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of you One will come forth to Me Who is to be Ruler in Israel, (Matt. 2:5,6) Whose goings forth are from of old, from everlasting. 2. Therefore He will give them up until the time that she who travails has brought forth, then the remnant of His brothers will return to the children of Israel. 3. And He will stand and feed in the strength of the LORD*, in the majesty of the name of the LORD* His God, and they will stay, for now He will be great to the ends of the earth.
Bethlehem Ephrata was a small city as fitting the description, “little among the thousands of Judah” with its gate being just a door, not the wide gate that most cities had. Bethlehem was the location of the Migdal Eder, the Tower of the Flock, the place where the Lamb of God was to be born. Y’shua was born in one of the caves where the lambs for Temple sacrifice were kept when not on pasture.
Isaiah 60.1. Arise, and give Light! For your Light has come, and the Glory of the LORD* has shone like the sun upon you. 2. For, behold, the darkness will cover the earth and gross darkness the people, but the LORD* will rise like the sun upon you, and His glory will be seen upon you. (Rev. 21:11) 3. And nations (heathens) will come to your Light, and kings to the brightness of your rising like the sun. (Rev. 21:24)
The Light prophesies Y’shua.
Isaiah 60:4. Lift up your eyes all around and see: they all gather themselves together, they come to you. Your sons will come from afar and your daughters will be trained at your side. 5. Then you will see and be brightened up, and your heart will tremble with joy and be enlarged, because the abundance of the sea will be converted for you, the wealth of nations will come to you.
The Shepherds keeping watch over the Flocks (Luke 2:8-20) were Levites who were responsible to care for the sacrificial Lambs to make sure the Lambs were ritually pure. The Shepherds were spoken to by the Angel, then led by the Angelic Hosts to the cave where they were able to see their Messiah.
Luke 2:8. And Shepherds were in this field, living out of doors and keeping watch by night over their flock. 9. And an Angel of the Lord appeared to them and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they feared a great fear. 10. Then the Angel said to them, “You must not be afraid, for behold I have good news for you, great joy which will be for all the people, 11. because this day in the city of David a Savior was born for you, Who is Messiah, Lord. 12. And this will be a sign to you, you will find an Infant wrapped and lying in a stall.” 13. Then suddenly there were with the angel a great number of the Heavenly Hosts Praising God and saying,
- “Glory to God in the Highest
and on Earth Peace and Good Will among men.”
The Angelic Host was an Army that had come to accompany the Shepherds to Worship and Praise the One Who has just been born!
Isaiah 60:6. The multitude of Camels will cover you, the Dromedaries of Midian and Ephah. All those from Sheba will come. They will bring gold and incense and they will Herald the Praises of the LORD*. 7. All the flocks of Kedar will be gathered together to you, the rams of Nebaioth will minister to you. They will come up with acceptance on My altar, and I shall glorify the House of My glory.
Isaiah prophesies about the Sorcerers who brought the Gold, Frankincense, and Myrrh to the toddler Y’shua, close to His second birthday. The Hebrew word translated Incense is L’vonah, referring specifically to Frankincense but L’vonah can also be translated in the general sense of any Spice, so Myrrh is also prophesied.
Matthew 2:7. Then Herod, having secretly called the Astrologers, ascertained from them the time of the revealing of the star, 8. and sending them into Bethlehem he said, “When you go you must inquire carefully concerning the Child: as soon as you would find Him, you must report to me right away, then when I come I shall pay homage to Him.” 9. And those who heard the king went. And lo! The star, which they saw in the east, led them forth, until it came and stood over where the child was. 10. And when they saw the star they rejoiced with extremely great joy. 11. Then when they came into the House they saw the child with Miriam His mother, and having fallen to their knees they paid homage to Him, then, having opened their treasure boxes, they brought gifts to Him, Gold and Frankincense and Myrrh. 12. And since they had been warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they returned to their country by another way.
The Astrologers were fortune tellers, occult mediums, the equivalent of present day witch doctors, not people to be revered. Y’shua is called a child, not an infant. This is quite some time after His birth, probably close to two years, with Joseph and Miriam living in a House (verse 11) when Herod sent to have all the boys two years old and younger killed.
Micah and Isaiah tell of the Shepherds of the Priestly flocks that were kept just outside Bethlehem for Temple sacrifices while the Lamb of God was being born in one of the cave-barns of the Lambs. Isaiah brings in the Sorcerers who brought the Gold, Frankincense and Myrrh on Camels about two years after the birth of Y’shua.
David was barely a teenager when he fought Goliath is a Myth, although he is shown in many illustrations as very young. That comes from the Latin text which calls David a child, a miss-translation of the Hebrew, which calls him a young man. David was at least twenty-seven, maybe twenty-eight when he fought Goliath. The key to David’s age the two years for Saul’s reign and seven and a half years for David as king over Judah while he was in Hebron. David was thirty when he began his reign in Hebron, which came immediately after Saul’s two year reign. See 1 Samuel 13:1.
Anointing Breaks the Yoke is a Myth. The literal translation is: Isaiah 10:27. And it will be in that day, his burden will be taken away from off your shoulder, and his yoke from off your neck, and the yoke will be destroyed because of your robustness.
There is not a word in this verse that means Anointing. The Hebrew word Shamen is related to the word Shemen which means olive oil, but Shamen when it does not refer to people means fat or fatness. When Shamen refers to people it speaks of someone like a pro football guard or tackle, very big and very strong. Think of yourself as that awesome against the burden or yoke you are fighting. These next three verses show how fearsome an enemy you can destroy.
Judges 3:29. And they slew of Moab at that time about ten thousand men, every one robust and every one courageous, and not a man escaped.
Ezekiel 34:16. I shall seek that which was lost and bring back that which was driven away and will bind up that which was broken and will strengthen that which was sick, but I will destroy the robust and the strong. I will feed them with judgment.
Psalm 78: 29. So they ate and were well filled, for He gave them their desire. 30. They were not estranged from their lust, but while their meat was still in their mouths, 31. the wrath of God came upon them and slew the most robust of them and struck down the chosen men of Israel.
All these translated Robust are the Hebrew word Shamen. Isaiah says the burden will be taken from our shoulders and the yoke on our neck will be destroyed because of our strength, because we are to be spiritually strong. Our strength comes from faith, the knowledge, the certainty that God is in us and nothing is too hard for Him.
Abstain From the Appearance of Evil is a myth because that is not a translation of the Greek New Testament or of the Vulgate. Both of those agree with the following:
1 Thessalonians 5:19. You must habitually not ever quench the Spirit, 20. you must continually not ever despise prophecy, 21. but you must constantly prove all things; you must incessantly hold fast the good, 22. you must faithfully keep yourselves away from every form of evil.
Keeping away from every form of evil is very different from abstaining from the appearance of evil. Abstaining from the appearance of evil has two meanings: One is to not do anything that might even appear to be evil, even if it is innocent and permitted; the other is that you can do something evil as long as it does not appear to be evil.
Keeping away from every form of evil means to be above reproach in whatever you would do or say.
At the End of Two Years
41.1. And it was at the end of two full years that Pharaoh dreamed and, behold, he stood by the river. 2. And, behold, there came up out of the river seven well favored and fattened cows and they fed in a meadow. 3. And, behold, seven other cows came up after them out of the river, ill favored and lean. And they stood by the other cows on the bank of the river. 4. And the ill favored and lean cows ate the seven well favored and fat cows. So Pharaoh awoke.
41:5. And he slept and dreamed a second time and, behold, seven heads of grain came up upon one stalk, fat and good. 6. And behold, seven thin heads of grain even blasted by the east wind sprang up after them. 7. And the seven thin heads of grain devoured the seven fat and full heads of grain. Then Pharaoh awoke and, behold, it was a dream.
41:8. And it happened in the morning that his spirit was troubled and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt and all its wise men. Pharaoh told them his dream, but there was no one who could interpret them to Pharaoh. 9. Then the chief cupbearer spoke to Pharaoh saying, “I do remember my error this day.” 10. Pharaoh was very angry with his servants and put me in custody in the captain of the guard’s house, me and the chief baker. 11. And we dreamed a dream in one night, I and he. We dreamed each man according to the interpretation of his dream. 12. And there was there with us a young man, a Hebrew servant to the captain of the guard and we told him, and he interpreted our dreams for us, to each man according to his dream he did interpret. 13. And it happened, as he interpreted to us, so it was. He restored me to my office, and he hanged him.”
Joseph Interprets Pharaoh’s Dream
41:14. Then Pharaoh sent and called Joseph and they brought him hastily out of the dungeon: and he shaved and changed his clothes and came in to Pharaoh. 15. And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I have dreamed a dream and no one can interpret it, and I have heard say of you that you can understand a dream to interpret it.” 16. And Joseph answered Pharaoh saying, “It is not I! God will give Pharaoh an answer of peace.” 17. And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “In my dream, behold, I stood upon the bank of the river. 18. And, behold, seven cows, fat and well favored came up out of the river and they fed in a meadow. 19. Then, behold, seven other cows came up after them, poor and very ill favored and lean-fleshed, such as I never saw in all the land of Egypt for badness. 20. And the lean and the ill favored cows ate the first seven fat cows. 21. And when they had eaten them up, it could not be known that they had eaten them, but they were still ill favored, as at the beginning. So I awoke. 22. Then I saw in my next dream and, behold, seven heads of grain came up in one-stalk, full and good: 23. and, behold, seven heads of grain, withered, thin, and blasted with the east wind, sprang up after them: 24. and the thin heads of grain devoured the seven good heads of grain. I told this to the magicians, but there was no one who could declare it to me.”
41:25. And Joseph said to Pharaoh, “The dream of Pharaoh is one: God has shown Pharaoh what He is about to do. 26. The seven good cows are seven years, and the seven good heads of grain are seven years: the dream is one. 27. And the seven thin and ill favored cows that came up after them are seven years, and the seven empty heads of grain blasted with the east wind will be seven years of famine. 28. This is the thing that I have spoken to Pharaoh. What God showed to Pharaoh is what He is about to do. 29. Behold there are seven years of great plenty coming throughout all the land of Egypt. 30. And after them will come seven years of famine, and all the plenty will be forgotten in the land of Egypt, and the famine will consume the land. 31. And the plenty will not be known in the land by reason of that famine following, for it will be very severe. 32. And because of that the dream was doubled to Pharaoh twice. It is because the thing is established by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass. 33. Now therefore let Pharaoh seek a man discreet and wise and set him over the land of Egypt. 34. Let Pharaoh do this and let him appoint officers over the land and take up the fifth part of the land of Egypt in the seven plentiful years. 35. And let them gather all the food that comes in those good years, and lay up grain under the hand of Pharaoh and let them keep food in the cities. 36. And that food will be stored for the land against the seven years of famine which will be in the land of Egypt, so the land would not perish during the famine.”
41:37. And that was good in the eyes of Pharaoh and in the eyes of all his servants. 38. And Pharaoh said to his servants, “Can we find such a one as this is, a man in whom is the Spirit of God?” 39. And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Since God has shown you all this, there is no one so discreet and wise as you. 40. You will be over my house, and according to your word will all my people be ruled. Only in the throne will I be greater than you.”
Joseph Appointed Over Egypt
41:41. Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “See, I have set you over all the land of Egypt.” 42. And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand and put it on Joseph’s hand, and arrayed him in fine linen robes and put a gold chain around his neck. 43. And he made him ride in the second chariot which he had, and they cried before him, “Bow the knee!” And he set him over all the land of Egypt. 44. And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, and without you no man will lift up his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.” 45. And Pharaoh called Joseph’s name Zephanath-paneah, and gave him for his wife Asenath the daughter of Poti-phera, priest of On. And Joseph went out over all the land of Egypt. 46. And Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh, and went throughout all the land of Egypt.
41:47. And in the seven plentiful years the earth brought forth by handfuls. 48. And he gathered up all the food of the seven years, which were in the land of Egypt and laid up the food in the cities, the food of the field which was all around every city, he laid up in the same city. 49. And Joseph gathered grain as the sand of the sea, very much, until he stopped numbering, for it was without number.
41:50. And to Joseph were born two sons before the years of famine came, whom Asenath the daughter of Poti-phera priest of On bore to him. 51. And Joseph called the name of the firstborn Manasseh (M’nasheh), for he said, “God has made me forget all my toil, and all my father’s house.” 52. And the name of the second he called Ephraim (Efrayim), “For God has caused me to be fruitful in the land of my affliction.”
41:53. Then the seven years of plentifulness that were in the land of Egypt were ended. 54. And the seven years of famine began to come, according as Joseph had said, and the famine was in all lands, but there was bread in all the land of Egypt. 55. And when all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried to Pharaoh for bread and Pharaoh said to all the Egyptians, “Go to Joseph. Do what he says to you.” 56. And the famine was over all the face of the earth and Joseph opened all the storehouses and sold to the Egyptians, and the famine was severe in the land of Egypt. 57. And all countries came into Egypt to Joseph to buy grain because the famine was severe in all lands.
Jacob Sends Joseph’s Brothers
42.1. Now when Jacob saw that there was grain in Egypt, Jacob said to his sons, “Why do you look at one another?” 2. And he said, “Look, I have heard that there is grain in Egypt. Get down there and buy for us from there, so we can live and not die.” 3. And Joseph’s ten brothers went down to buy grain in Egypt. 4. But Jacob did not send Benjamin, Joseph’s brother, with his brothers for he said. “Lest perhaps disaster would befall him.”
42:5. And the sons of Israel came to buy grain among those who came, for the famine was in the land of Canaan. 6. And Joseph was the governor over the land, and it was he who sold to all the people of the land. Joseph’s brothers came and bowed themselves down before him with their faces to the ground.
42:7. And Joseph saw his brothers and he recognized them, but made himself a stranger to them and spoke roughly to them. And he said to them, “Where did you come from?” And they said, “From the land of Canaan to buy food.” 8. And Joseph knew his brothers, but they did not recognize him. 9. And Joseph remembered the dreams which he dreamed of them and said to them, “You are spies! You have come to see the nakedness, vulnerability, of the land.” 10. And they said to him, “No, my lord, but your servants came to buy food. 11. We are all one man’s sons. We are honest men. Your servants are not spies.” 12. And he said to them, “No, but you came to see the nakedness of the land.” 13. And they said, “Your servants are twelve brothers, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan and, behold, the youngest is this day with our father, and one is not.” 14. And Joseph said to them, that is what I said to you saying, “You are spies. 15. Here is how you will be proved: By the life of Pharaoh you will not go forth from here until your youngest brother comes here. 16. Send one of you and let him get your brother and you will be kept in prison, so that your words may be proved, whether there is any truth in you. Or else by the life of Pharaoh surely you are spies.” 17. And he put them all together in custody for three days. 18. And on the third day Joseph said to them, “Do this and live, for I revere God. 19. If you are honest men, let one of your brothers be bound in the house of your prison. Go, carry grain for the famine of your houses, 20. but bring your youngest brother to me, so your words will be verified and you will not die.” And they did so. 21. And they said one to another, “We are truly guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul when he pleaded with us and we would not listen. Therefore this distress has come upon us.” 22. And Reuben answered them saying, “Did I not tell you saying, Do not sin against the boy! But you would not listen. Therefore, behold, also his blood is required.”
42:23. And they did not know that Joseph understood them, for he spoke to them through an interpreter. 24. And he turned himself away from them and wept, then returned to them again and spoke with them, and took Simeon from them and bound him before their eyes. 25. Then Joseph commanded to fill their sacks with grain, and to restore each man’s money into his sack and to give them provision for the way. And thus he did for them. 26. And they loaded their donkeys with the grain and left from there. 27. And as one of them opened his sack to give his donkey feed at their lodging, he saw his money, for, behold, it was in his sack’s mouth. 28. And he said to his brothers, “My money is restored and, see, it is even in my sack.” And their heart failed them and they were afraid, saying to one another, “What is this that God has done to us?”
42:29. And they came to Jacob their father in the land of Canaan, and told him all that happened to them saying, 30. “The man who is lord of the land spoke roughly to us, and took us for spies of the country. 31. And we said to him, ‘We are honest men, we are not spies 32. We are twelve brothers, sons of our father. One is not, and the youngest is today with our father in the land of Canaan.’ 33. And the man, lord of the country, said to us, ‘Here is how I shall know that you are honest men. “Leave one of your brothers here with me and take food for the famine of your households, and leave. 34. Then bring your youngest brother to me and I shall know that you are not spies, but that you are honest men, then I shall deliver your brother to you, and you could travel in the land.’”
42:35. And it was as they emptied their sacks, that, behold, every man’s bundle of money was in his sack and when both they and their father saw the bundles of money, they were afraid. 36. And Jacob their father said to them, “You have grieved me. Joseph is not, and Simeon is not, and you will take Benjamin away. All these things are against me.” 37. And Reuben spoke to his father saying, “Slay my two sons, if I do not bring him to you. Deliver him into my hand and I shall bring him to you again.” 38. And he said, “My son will not go down with you, for his brother is dead and he alone is left. If disaster befalls him by the way in which you go, then you will bring down my gray hairs to the grave in sorrow.”
Second Trip to Egypt
43.1. And the famine was severe in the land. 2. And it was, when they had eaten up the grain which they had brought out of Egypt, their father said to them, “Go again. Buy us a little food.” 3. And Judah spoke to him saying, “The man did solemnly protest to us saying, ‘You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.’ 4. If you will send our brother with us, we will go down and buy food for you. 5. But if you will not send him, we will not go down, for the man said to us, ‘You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.’” 6. And Israel said, “Why did you deal so badly with me, as to tell the man whether you had yet another brother?” 7. And they said, “The man asked us directly about us and about our relatives saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Do you have another brother?’ And we told him according to the tenor of these words. How could we know for sure that he would say, ‘Bring your brother down?’” 8. And Judah said to Israel his father, “Send the lad with me and we will be up and go, so we may live and not die; we, you, and also our little ones. 9. I shall be surety for him. You will require him from my hand: if I do not bring him to you and set him before you, then let me bear the blame forever. 10. For unless we had lingered, surely now we would have returned this second time.” 11. And their father Israel said to them, “If it must be so now, do this: take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels and carry a present down to the man, a little balsam, a little honey, spices, myrrh, nuts, and almonds. 12. And take double money in your hand and the money that was brought again in the mouth of your sacks, carry it again in your hand. Maybe it was an oversight. 13. Also take your brother and get up, go again to the man. 14. And God Almighty give compassion for you before the man, so he may send away your other brother and Benjamin. If I am grieved of my children, I am grieved.”
43:15. And the men took that present and they took double money in their hand and Benjamin, and rose up and went down to Egypt and stood before Joseph. 16. And when Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the head of his household, “Bring these men home and slay and make ready, for these men will dine with me at noon.” 17. And the man did as Joseph bade, and the man brought the men into Joseph’s house. 18. And the men were afraid, because they were brought into Joseph’s house and they said, “We are brought in because of the money that was returned in our sacks at the first time, so he may seek charges against us and fall upon us and take us for bond men and our donkeys.” 19. And they came near to the man who was over Joseph’s house, the steward, and they spoke with him at the door of the house 20. and said, “O sir, we came down indeed at the first time to buy food. 21. And it happened, when we came to the lodging place, that we opened our sacks and, behold, each man’s money was in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight and we have brought it again in our hand. 22. And we have brought other money down in our hands to buy food: we cannot tell who put our money in our sacks.” 23. And he said, “Peace be to you. Do not be in awe! Your God and the God of your father has given you treasure in your sacks. I had your money.” And he brought Simeon out to them.
43:24. And the man brought the men into Joseph’s house and gave them water and they washed their feet, and he gave their donkeys feed. 25. And they made ready the present before Joseph came at noon, for they heard that they would dine there. 26. And when Joseph came home, they brought into the house the present for him which was in their hand, and bowed themselves to the ground before him. 27. And he asked them about their welfare and said, “Is your father well, the old man of whom you spoke? Is he yet alive?” 28. And they answered, “Your servant our father is in good health, he is yet alive.” And they bowed down their heads and paid homage. 29. And he lifted up his eyes and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother’s son, and said, “Is this your youngest brother, of whom you spoke to me?” And he said, “God will be gracious to you, my son.” 30. And Joseph hurried, for his affection toward his brother was kindled and he sought to weep, then he entered his chamber and wept there. 31. And he washed his face and went out and was restraining himself and said, “Serve the meal.” 32. And they served him by himself and for them by themselves and for the Egyptians who ate with him by themselves, because the Egyptians could not eat a meal with the Hebrews, for that is an abomination to the Egyptians. 33. And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright and the youngest according to his youth, and the men marvelled at one another. 34. And he took and sent portions to them from before him, but Benjamin’s portion was five times as much as any of theirs. And they drank and were merry with him.
Joseph Returns the Money Again
44.1. And he commanded the steward of his house saying, “Fill the men’s sacks with food, as much as they can carry and put each man’s money in his sack’s mouth. 2. And put my cup, the silver cup and his grain money in the sack’s mouth of the youngest.” And he did according to the word that Joseph had spoken. 3. As soon as the morning was light, the men were sent away, they and their donkeys. 4. When they had left the city, not far off, Joseph said to his steward, “Get up! Follow after the men and when you overtake them, say to them, ‘Why have you rewarded bad for good? 5. Is this not the cup from which my lord drinks, and indeed by which he divines? You have done evil in so doing.’”
44:6. And he overtook them and spoke these same words to them. 7. And they said to him, “Why does my lord say these words? Far be it from us that your servants should do according to this thing. 8. Behold, the money that we found in our sacks’ mouths, we brought to you again out of the land of Canaan. How then should we steal silver or gold out of your lord’s house? 9. With whomever of your servants it is found, let him die, then we too will be my lord’s bond men.” 10. And he said, “Now also let it be according to your words: he with whom it is found will be my servant and you will be blameless.” 11. Then each man speedily took down his sack to the ground, and each man opened his sack.
44:12. And he searched, beginning at the eldest and left at the youngest: and the cup was found in Benjamin’s sack. 13. Then they tore their clothes and each man loaded his donkey and returned to the city. 14. And Judah and his brothers came to Joseph’s house, for he was still there, and they fell before him on the ground. 15. And Joseph said to them, “What deed is this that you have done? Do you not know that such a man as I can certainly divine?” 16. And Judah said, “What will we say to my lord? What will we speak? Or how will we clear ourselves? God has found out the iniquity of your servants. Behold, we are my lord’s servants, both we and he also with whom the cup is found.” 17. And he said, “Far be it from me that I should do so, but the man in whose hand the cup is found, he will be my servant. And as for you, go in peace to your father.”
Next week’s Torah readings: Vayigash
Hellenists Complained about the Hebrews: The word in Greek for Greek people is Hellenists, the word used in Acts 6:1.
Acts 6:1 And in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplying, there arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the Hebrews, because their widows were neglected in the daily ministration. KJV
Acts 6:1 In those days when the number of disciples was increasing, the Grecian Jews among them complained against the Hebraic Jews because their widows were being overlooked in the daily distribution of food. NIV
The NIV Study Bible says the Grecian Jews were those “born in lands other than Palestine who spoke the Greek language and were more Grecian than Hebraic in their attitudes and outlook.” The ones called Grecians were not born outside Israel. Those properly called Hellenists were born and brought up in Judea in families that had become more Greek than Jewish because they were backslidden Jews who loved the Greek culture, spoke Greek, attended the theater, the gym, and the games. It is disgraceful that the NIV editors referred to the country known as Judea at the time the Book of Acts was written, calling Judea Palestine, about eighty years before Emperor Hadrian named it Palestine. That shows the ignorance and prejudice of some of our scholars. See Hellenists in Glossary.
Acts 6:1 Now about this time, when the number of the disciples was greatly increasing, complaint was made by the Hellenists (the Greek-speaking Jews) against the [native] Hebrews because their widows were being overlooked and neglected in the daily ministration (distribution of relief). AMP
The Amplified did very well until they added native showing that the translators of the Amplified were like those who translated the NIV and did not know about the divisions of first century Israel. The Hellenists were native Israelis who loved the Greek lifestyle and were marginal Jews. They were Sadducees and included the most influential members of Israeli society, even the High Priests.
Acts 6.1. And in those days as the disciples were increasing in number there was a complaint of the Hellenists against the Hebrews, because their widows were being neglected in the daily service. ONM
The Jewish Roots of Christianity are very real. The deacons chosen in answer to the problem of service to the Hellenists were all Hellenists with Greek names.
Encouraging Word from the LORD* for all of us, knowing that God does not change, he is still doing this today!
Exodus 23:20. “Behold, I AM sending an angel before you, to keep you in the Way, and to bring you into the which I have prepared. 21. Beware of him and obey his voice. Do not provoke him! For he will not pardon your transgressions, for My name is in him. 22. But if you will indeed obey his voice and do all that I speak, then I shall be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries. 23. For My angel will go before you, and bring you in to the Amorite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Canaanite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, and I will cut them off. 24. You will not bow down to their gods, serve them, or do after their works, but you will utterly overthrow them and absolutely destroy their images.
As you have new or additional assignments, you can be sure that the LORD* will send His angel before you to keep you in all your ways.
Psalm 91:9. Because you have made the LORD*, Who is my refuge, the Most High, your habitation, 10. there will no evil befall you, neither will any plague come near your dwelling. 11. For He will give His angels charge over you, to keep you in all your Ways. 12. They will bear you up in the palms of their hands, lest you dash your foot against a stone.
You have Divine protection!
The Palace of the LORD* is rarely mentioned, but there is such a place. One Scripture really highlights it:
Isaiah 6.1. In the year that king Uzziah died I saw the Lord (Adonai) sitting on a throne, high and lifted up, (Rev. 4:2,9; 7:10) and His train filled the palace. 2. Above Him stood the seraphim: each one had six wings, with two he covered his face, with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. 3. And one cried to another and said, Holy! Holy! Holy is the LORD* of Hosts! (Rev. 4:8) The whole earth is full of His glory! 4. And the posts of the door moved at the voice of the one who cried, and the house was filled with smoke. (Rev. 15:8)
Many translations translate this use of the Hebrew word Hakhol as Temple, but there is no Throne in the Temple because God sits between the cherubim on the lid of the Ark. That is in the Holy of Holies, which is a small room that only the High Priest can enter and he can only enter on the Day of Atonement. To see the LORD* on His Throne, high a lifted up, He could not be in the Holy of Holies. In Isaiah, The LORD* is sitting on His Throne; nowhere He is to be seen when He is on the Ark. He is wearing His robes, with a train that fills the palace. The word translated both Palace and Temple is Hakhol. Hakhol is used seventy-seven times, translated nine times in the KJV as palace for various kings, so Palace is not uncommon.
Ezekiel 43:4. And the Glory of the LORD* came into the House by the way of the gate that faces the east. 5. So the spirit took me up and brought me into the inner court and, behold, the Glory of the LORD* filled the House. 6. And I heard Him speaking to me out of the House and a Man stood by me. 7. And He said to me, Son of man, the place of My throne and the place of the soles of My feet, is where I and My holy name will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel forever. The House of Israel will no longer defile, they or their kings, by their harlotry or by the carcasses of their kings in their high places.
The LORD* has a throne, which has to be outside the Holy Place, with many verses speaking of His Throne.
Zechariah 6:9. And the word of the LORD* came to me saying, 10. Take of those of the captivity, even of the lineage of Heldai, of Tobiah, and of Jedaiah, who have come from Babylon and you come the same day and go into the house of Josiah the son of Zephaniah. 11. Then take silver and gold and make crowns and set them on the head of Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest 12. and speak to him, saying, Thus says the LORD* of Hosts saying, Behold the Man whose name is The Sprout, and He will grow up out of His place and He will build the Palace of the LORD* 13. Even He will build the Palace of the LORD* and He will bear the glory and will sit and rule upon His throne and He will be a priest upon His throne and the counsel of Shalom will be between them both. 14. And the crowns will be for Helem, for Tobiah, for Jedaiah and for Hen the son of Zephaniah, for a memorial in the Palace of the LORD*. 15. And those who are far off will come and build in the Palace of the LORD* and you will know that the LORD* of Hosts has sent me to you. And this will be, if you will diligently obey the voice of the LORD* your God.
This passage has dual meaning, in the natural it is instruction for the rebuilding of the Temple, but the spiritual is for the Palace of the LORD*, which is to be built by the Sprout, Who is Y’shua. There is no Throne for the High Priest, so the only Throne will be for the King. Y’shua and the Father are One, so the Crown is for the LORD*, the King, the Priest upon His Throne.
Psalm 9:2. I shall praise the LORD* with my whole heart. I shall tell of all Your marvellous works.
- I shall be glad and rejoice in You. I shall sing praise to Your name, O Most High.
- When my enemies are turned back, they will fall and perish at Your presence.
- For You have maintained my right and my cause. You sat on the throne judging right.
- You have rebuked the nations, You have destroyed the wicked, You have put out their name forever and ever.
- O you enemy, destructions are coming to an end forever, and the cities which you have destroyed, their memorial has perished with them.
- But the LORD* will endure forever. He has prepared His throne for judgment.
- And He will judge the world in righteousness, He will minister judgment to the people in uprightness.
Psalm 11:4. The LORD* is in His holy Temple (Hakhal), the LORD’s* throne is in heaven. His eyes watch, His eyelids try the children of men.
In Psalm 11:4 He is in His Holy Palace!
Psalm 47:9. God reigns over the nations. God sits on the throne of His holiness;
Psalm 89:15. Righteousness and justice are the foundation of Your throne: loving kindness and truth will go before Your presence.
Psalm 93:1. The LORD* reigns! He is clothed with majesty! The LORD* is clothed with strength, with which He has girded Himself! The world also is established, so it cannot be moved.
- Your throne is established of old: You are from everlasting.
- The rivers have lifted up, LORD*, the rivers have lifted up their voice; the rivers lift up their waves.
- The LORD* on high is mightier than the sounds of many waters, yea, than the mighty waves of the sea.
- Your testimonies are very sure. Holiness becomes Your House, LORD*, forever.
Psalm 103:18. To such as keep His covenant and to those who remember to do His commandments 19. the LORD* has established His throne in the heavens, and His kingdom rules over all.
2 Chronicles 18:18. Again he said, Therefore listen to the word of the LORD*! I saw the LORD* sitting upon His throne and all the host of heaven standing on His right hand and His left. (Rev. 4:2,9; 7:10; 18:18) 19. And the LORD* said, Who will entice Ahab king of Israel, so he will go up and fall at Ramoth-Gilead? And one spoke saying after this manner and another saying after that manner. 20. Then a spirit came out and stood before the LORD* and said, I shall entice him. And the LORD* said to him, How? 21. And he said, I shall go out and be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.
Matthew 5:33. Again you heard that it was said to the ancients, ‘You will not swear .falsely, (Num. 30:3) and you will keep your oaths to the Lord.’ (Deut. 23:22) 34. But I say to you not to swear at all: neither by heaven, because it is the throne of God, 35. nor by the Earth, because it is His footstool, nor by Jerusalem, because it is a city of the great King, 36. nor by your head may you swear, because you are not able to make one hair white or black.
Revelation 4:9. And whenever the living creatures give glory and honor and thanksgiving to the One Who sits on the throne,
Revelation 19:4. Then the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell and worshipped God, the One Who sits upon the throne,
Revelation 20:11. Then I saw a great white throne and the One Who sits upon it, from Whose presence the earth (Ps. 114:3,7) and the sky fled and a place was not found for them. 12. Then I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne. And scrolls were opened, and another scroll was opened, which is of life, (Exod. 32:32,33, Ps. 69:29, Dan. 12:1) and the dead were judged according to their deeds, (Isa. 59:18, Jer. 17:10, Ps. 28:4; 62:13, Pro. 24:12, Rom. 2:6, 1 Cor. 3:8) by what had been written in the scrolls. (Dan. 7:9,10) 13. Then the sea gave up the dead that were in it and Death and Hades gave up the dead, those in them, and each was judged according to his works. 14. Then Death and Hades were thrown violently into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. 15. And if someone was not found written in the Book of Life, he was cast into the lake of fire. (Isa. 30:33)
Revelation 21:5. Then the One Who sits on the throne said, “Behold I am making all things new,” then He said, “You must now write, because these words are faithful and true.” 6. Then He said to me, “It has been done! I AM the Alef and the Tav, the Beginning and the End. (Isa. 44:6; 48:12) I shall give freely from the fountain of the water of life to the one who thirsts. (Isa. 55:1) 7. The one who conquers will inherit these things and I shall be God to him and he will be a son to Me. (2 Sam. 7:14) 8. But for the cowardly, those of little faith, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all the liars – their part is in the lake that burns fire and sulfur, (Isa. 30:33, Gen. 19:24, Ezek. 38:22, Ps. 11:6) this is the second death.”
Revelation 22.1. Then the angel showed me a river of water of life, Torah, bright as crystal, going out from the throne of God and the Lamb. (Ezek. 47:1, Jl. 3:18, Zech. 14:8) 2. In the middle of its street, also on each side of the river, is a tree of life making twelve fruit, yielding its fruit each month, and the leaves of the tree are used for the healing of the multitudes. (Gen. 2:9; 3:22, Ezek. 47:12) 3. And there will no longer be anything there that is cursed. And the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and His servants will serve Him 4. and they will see His face, (Ps. 17:15; 42:2) and His name will be upon their foreheads.
The Throne will be for both God and the Lamb, so when Y’shua said “the Father and I are One” you know that is true. See John 10:30, Deuteronomy 6:4.
All these Scriptures and many more establish that the LORD* has a Throne and that many will see Him on the Throne, which is in His palace, not in the Holy of Holies. The Palace of the LORD* is probably similar to Solomon’s Palace which had a Hall for Judgment:
1 Kings 7:7. Then he made a hall for the throne where he could judge, the hall of judgment, and it was covered with cedar from one side of the floor to the other.
The Palace of the LORD* also has a Hall for Judging, with the Throne occupied by both God and the Lamb.
The Widow of Zarephath was a woman who had to know for sure that she had heard from God.
1 Kings 17:8. And the word of the LORD* came to him saying, 9. Get up! Go to Zarephath, which belongs to Sidon and stay there. Behold, I have commanded a widow woman there to sustain you. 10. So he got up and went to Zarephath. And when he came to the entrance of the city, behold, a widow woman was there gathering sticks and he called to her and said, Bring me, I pray you, a little water in a vessel, so I can drink. 11. And as she was going to get it, he called to her and said, Bring me, please, a morsel of bread in your hand. 12. And she said, As the LORD* your God lives, I do not have a cake, but a handful of meal in a jar and a little oil in a cruse and, behold, I am gathering two sticks, so I can go in and prepare it for me and my son, so we can eat it and die.
Here is where she must be confident that she heard the LORD*!
1 Kings 17:13. And Elijah said to her, Do not be in awe! Go! Do as you have said, but make me a little cake of it first and bring it to me and afterward make for yourself and for your son, 14. for thus says the LORD* God of Israel, The jar of meal will not empty, neither will the cruse of oil fail, until the day the LORD* sends rain upon the earth. 15. And she went and did according to the word of Elijah and she and he and her house ate for many days. 16. The jar of meal did not empty nor did the cruse of oil fail, according to the word of the LORD*, which He spoke through Elijah.
Then something happens that makes her question if she was to really supposed to sustain Elijah.
1 Kings 17:17. And it was after these things that the son of the woman, the mistress of the house, fell sick and his sickness was so severe that there was no breath left in him. 18. And she said to Elijah, What have I to do with you, O you man of God? Have you come to me to call my iniquity to remembrance and to slay my son? 19. And he said to her, Give me your son. And he took him from her bosom, and carried him up into a loft where he stayed, and laid him on his own bed. 20. And he cried to the LORD* and said, LORD* my God, have You also brought evils upon the widow with whom I am staying by slaying her son? 21. And he stretched himself upon the boy three times and cried to the LORD*, and said, LORD* my God, I pray you, let this boy’s life come into him again. 22. And the LORD* heard the voice of Elijah and the life of the boy came into him again and he revived. 23. And Elijah took the boy, and brought him down out of the chamber into the house and delivered him to his mother and Elijah said, See, your son lives. 24. And the woman said to Elijah, Now, by this I know that you are a man of God, that the word of the LORD* in your mouth is truth.
The widow is at last firmly confident that she did what the LORD* wanted her to do. She is a Heroine for her obedience.
Enjoy the excellent video below that depicts The Widow of Zaraphath’s faithfulness:
Video credit: Alisa Anglesey
This post was excerpted from the One New Man Bible Companion Volume 2
Deborah became a Heroine as the Judge over Israel when she ordered Barak to form an army and fight the army of Jabin’s general Sisera.
Judges 4:4. And Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidot, judged Israel at that time. 5. And she lived under the date palm of Deborah between Ramah and Beit-El in Mount Ephraim, and the children of Israel came up to her for judgment. 6. And she sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedesh Naphtali and said to him, Has not the LORD* God of Israel commanded, Go and draw toward Mount Tabor and take with you ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun? 7. And I shall draw to you Sisera, the captain of Jabin’s army, with his chariots and his multitude to the river Kishon, and I shall deliver him into your hand. 8. And Barak said to her, If you will go with me, then I shall go, but if you will not go with me, I shall not go. 9. And she said, I shall surely go with you, but the journey that you take will not be for your glory, for the LORD* will sell Sisera into the hand of a woman.
That woman was Jael, with Deborah’s prophecy right on.